New Requirements for NICHD Fellows
The Advisory Committee to the Deputy Director for Intramural Research noted that requirements for Responsible Conduct of Research (RCR) training in the intramural program differ from the NIH requirements for extramural trainees, which stipulate eight hours of RCR training over a period of up to four years. Further, we have been informed that since 2010, 65% of research misconduct cases for the intramural program have involved trainees.
The Scientific Directors have approved an expansion of RCR training for intramural fellows, recommending eight hours over their initial two years in the IC (six hours of training during the first year at NIH and two hours in the second year). For NICHD, the Office of Education has the responsibility for tracking and enforcing the RCR mandate.
For all new fellows, the mandatory research ethics training plan consists of the following:
Each component will be either completed by the fellow or facilitated by the investigator or the Office of Education.
Current “Introduction to RCR” Course (1 hr. for year 1)
- Online training module that focuses on the topics of scientific integrity, publication and authorship, peer review, mentor-trainee relationship, and data acquisition and management (must be completed within 3 weeks of arrival)
Ethical Research in My Lab (1 hr. per year, for years 1 and 2)
- Investigators will cover specific lab policies including notebooks, data management, lab communication, data presentation, integrity, reproducibility and authorship (introduction year 1 and review year 2). List of resources below:
Current Annual Discussion of Ethics Cases (1 hr. each year), Coordinated by Dr. Gisela Storz
- At the affinity group level, a designated investigator will annually facilitate small group discussions of case studies to address rotating topics of responsible conduct in research
Reproducibility of Data (1 hr. for year 1)
- At the individual group level, discussion of Reproducibility of Data Training Modules developed by NIH. These are four video training modules including video clips and discussion materials for: Lack of Transparency, Blinding and Randomization, Biological and Technical Replicates, and Sample Size Outliers Exclusion Criteria. Two resources below:
Discussion of Ethical Research Practices (2 hrs. for year 1)
- An interactive session that promotes both self- and team based- learning required for all new postdoctoral fellows, and offered three times each year (February, May, and November) through the Office of Education. This session will include case studies and reading assignments related to research integrity, and discussions on ways to reduce risk factors.
**Please note postbacs and graduate students will be required to attend a centralized training session organized by OITE.
The format of the Discussion of Ethical Research Practices will be:
- Reading materials and case studies provided in advance, achieving a self-learning approach (30 minutes) Three samples below:
- What’s in a picture? The temptation of image manipulation, JCB, 2004, Rossner and Yamada
- Navigating through the gray (and CMYK) areas of figure manipulation: rules at the J. Clin. Investi. 2007, L.A Turke, Editor
- Stop misbehaving! J. Clin. Investi. 2007, Neill, U.S.
- Brief discussion on the reading materials at the start of class (15 minutes)
- Team Based Learning: Application Exercises (60 minutes)
- Involving three complex cases that promote discussions of either fabrication, falsification, plagiarism, mentoring expectations, and/or trainee responsibilities (15 minutes each)
- Five people in randomized groups, discussing the same case and must commit to the same answer
- Simultaneous reporting and an inter-team discussion
- Discussion on ways to reduce your risk factors for research misconduct (15 minutes)
- Good practices of data management and presentation (lab notebooks, both physical and electronic)